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舰船装备

2018Year 海外 海军装备技能 发展概况

发布Day 期: 2018-01-23  出处 :原创: 柳正华 张旭等 蓝海星智库  



  2018Year ,haijunzhuzhanpingtaiwenbutuijingengxinhuandai,jianzaidianzixinxi、wuqi、haishangwurenxitongdeng技能 lingyufazhanhuoyue。

一、多国发布顶层文件规划海军装备发展
  美国加快推进355艘舰队规模目标实现。美国海军部2Month 向国会提交了2019财Year 《30Year 造舰计划》。计划描绘了2050Year 代初期建成355艘舰队的路线图,提出将采取适当的采办策略,以更快、更经济的方式建造舰船,并将维持现在和未来工业基础放在首位。该计划通过以下方式解决海军最重要造船需求:一YES 在CVN 82后将航母采办间隔从5Year 缩短为4Year ,以更快达到12艘航母的目标。二YES 以最高优先级建造12艘“哥伦比亚”级战略核潜艇。三YES 将攻击型核潜艇建造速率稳定为每Year 2艘。四YES 将大型水面舰船(驱逐舰)的建造速率保持在每Year 2.5艘,2022财Year 再增加1艘等。

 

tu 1  2019caiYear 《30Year zaojianjihua》

  yindufabudingcengwenjianguihuaweilaihaijunzhuangbeifazhanzhongdian。yinduguofangbu2Month fabuxinban《技能 zhanwangyunengliluxiantu》,tichuhaijunjiangzhongdiantishengshuixiazhanheyuanzhengzhichinengli。haijunchutichu1souhangmu、5~10souxiayidaiquzhujianhehuweijianxuqiuwai,haiweiqiantingtichule10taozonghezuozhanxitong、5taokongzhixitong、10taodonglixitong、10taolilizidianchi,yijizhishao150mei533haomiyuleidexuqiu,yizaitigaoshuixiazuozhannengli。ciwai,haiyaoqiufazhanzhishao5sou210mizhangdejianduizhiyuanjianhe20~25souhaishangbujichuan,biaomingyinduhaijunzhengkaolvtigaoqiyuanzhengzhichinengli。

  faguotichuweilai7Year haijunzaojianjihua。faguozongtongmakelong7Month zhengshiqianshu2019-2025Year junshiguihuafaan,genjugaifaan,haijunjiangcaiban5souhuweijian、4souhedongligongjiqiantinghe9soujinhaixunluojian。

二、舰船装备稳步推进更新换代
  美航母项目稳步推进,俄法Day 航母计划初现端倪。美国海军“福特”级航母2号舰建造顺利推进,预计将于2019Year 第四季度下水。俄联合造船集合团体 确定将于2018Year 底向俄国防部提交多个航母方案进行审查,一旦有方案通过,2019Year 将开展新航母工程设计上班 。法国正式重启“核动力航空母舰”计划,有关 论证上班 也已展开。Day 本宣布正在研究将“出云”号直升机母舰改造为攻击型航母,改造资金将纳入2019Year 预算,并于2020Year 开工。

  meiyinezhanlveheqiantingfazhanshunli,eluosi“beifeng”jicaibanshuliangzengzhi14sou。meiguojihua2021Year caigoushousou“gelunbiya”jiheqianting,bingzai2030Year qianhoushixiangaitingbushu,gaijiqiantingjihuajianzao12sou。yindu“jiandizhe”ji2haoting“midizhe”haoxiashui,gaijiqiantingjihuajianzao6sou。eluositichujiangzai2023Year houzaijianzaoliusou955axingzhanlveheqianting,jieshiehaijunxinxingzhanlveheqiantingshuliangjiangdadao14sou,biyuanjihuazengjiale6sou。

  meieyingfagongjixingheqiantingbaochijiaokuaijianzaojindu,eluosidiwudaiheqiantingwanchengchubusheji。yingguofangbushouchu“jimin”jigongjiheqianting7haotingjianzaohetong,gaijitingjihuajianzao7sou,muqianyifuyi3sou。faguodinggou“suoyu”jigongjixingheqianting5haoting,gaijitingshoutingjiangyu2020Year tourushiyong。meiguo“fujiniya”jigongjixingheqianting16haotingjiaofu,gaijitingjihuafen7pijianzao58sou。eluosi“hasiji”jidiwudaiduoyongtuheqiantingwanchengsheji上班 ,jihua2023Year qidongjianzao上班 。

tu 2  di3pi“fujiniya”jishouting“beidaketa”hao

  changguiqiantingbaochijiaorefazhanshitou。eluosi“lada”jiqianting2haotingxiashui,gaijitingjihuajianzao5sou。yindushousou“youyu”jiqianting“kaerwali”hao(s-21)fuyi,2haoting“kahandeli”haohe3haoting“kalanjie”haoxiangjiyu2018Year Year chuxiashui。Day ben“canglong”jiqianting9haotingjiaofuDay benhaishangziweidui,gaijitinggongjihuajianzao12sou,zuihouliangsoucaiyonglilizidianchiaipxitong。hanguohaijunjieshoudi7sou214xingqianting,gaijitingjihuajianzao9sou。xinjiapoguofangbuqidongdierpi218sgxingaipqiantingjianzao,shoutingjiangyu2024Year jiaofu。yindunixiyahaijunjieshou“najiapasa”jiqianting2haoting,gaijishoutingquYear 8Month ruyi。

 

tu3  zaishuimianhangxingde“canglong”jiqiantingshouting“canglong”hao

  shuimianzhuzhanjiantingshoudaoguangfanzhongshi,fazhanmianjiaoguang。meiguohaijunddg51heddg1000junqudejinzhan,ddg 114fuyi,ddg 118pushelonggu,shousouddg51 iiixingjianddg125“jieke•lukasi”haokaigongjianzao,ddg126mingming;ddg1000jiquzhujian2haojianjiaofu;jinhaizhandoujianjinzhanshunli,12hao、14haojianfuyi,13hao、16haowanchengyanshoushiyan,gaijijianqijinweizhiyifuyi11sou;meiguohaijunshouchuffg(x)xiangmugainianshehetong,bingjihua2020Year kaigongjianzao。meiguohaijunqidongweilaidaxingshuimianjianlunzheng,yujijiangyu2023-2024Year qidongshoujiancaigou,gaijianshejijiangxishouddg51 iiixingheddg1000deyixieshejitedian,bingzhuangbei“zhousidun”jixian10zuozhanxitonghefangkongfandaoleida。qitaCountry quhujianyequdelebutongjinzhan,eluosihaijunjieshou11356xinghuweijian3haojian。faguofanqianxingouzhouduogongnenghuweijian5haojianwanchengshoucihaishi,yuji2019Year jiaofufaguohaijun,faguohaijunjihuajianzao8sougaijijian,baokuo6soufanqianxinghe2soufangkongxing。Day ben“chaoDay ”jiquzhujianshoujianjiaofu,gaijijiangongjihuajianzao2sou;hanguohaijunjieshou“daqiu”jihuweijianshoujian,gaijijianjihuajianzao8sou;xinjiapo“duli”jijinhaizhandoujian6haojianxiashui,qian4souyifuyi;aodaliyahaijunxuandingbaexitongcompany wancheng9souxinxinghuweijiandeshejihejianzao。yinduheeluosiqianshulesisou11356xinghuweijiancaigouhetong。

三、海外 舰艇动力技能 方案 、改造和突破并存
  美俄解决各自燃气轮机发展方案 。美国“朱姆沃尔特”级2号舰在接收海试中主推进燃气轮机涡轮动叶损坏,巴斯钢铁船厂已更换了一台MT30燃气轮机。美海军称,需拆除损坏发动机并开展彻底分析后,才能知道损坏的来源 。俄罗斯方面,土星科研联合体完成了对三款舰用燃气轮机的试验和调整,并准备批量出产 ,包括:М90ФР(功率-27500马力),Агрегат-ДКВП(功率-10000马力)和М70ФРУ-Р(功率-14000马力)。

  mei“ali•boke”jiquzhujianjidianhunhegaizaoyuzu。meiguohaijunzaiyixiangshengmingzhongcheng,quxiao34sou“ali•boke”jiⅱaxingquzhujiandejidianhunhetuijingaizaoxiangmu,jinbaoliuddg-103“telusidun”haoyisouyingyonggai技能 。meihaijunjiangjiancehepingguxitongdeyunxingshiyong处境 ,yanjiu技能 deyouxiaoxing,weiweilaiYES NO jixubushugaixitong供应 juecezhicheng。

  yingguowenbutuijinquzhujiandianligaijinjihua。yingguobaexitongcompany lingdaodegongyetuanduihuodeyingguoguofangbujiazhi1.6yiyingbang(2.24yimeiyuan)dehetong,chengdanyingguoguofangbupipdianligaijinjihua,jiang45xingquzhujianxianyoudelianggechaiyoufadianjizugenghuanweisangegengdadejizu。45xingquzhujiancaiyongzonghedianlixitong,ciqianzaigaowenhuanjingxiachuxianleyanzhongdetuijinxitongguzhang。shoujiangaizaojiangyu2021Year wancheng,qiyujiangzai21shiji20Year daizhubuwancheng。

四、新研与改进并举,提升武器系统作战能力
  积极推进新型武器系统发展。高能武器方面,美国洛•马company 1Month 获得价值约1.5亿美元水面舰激光武器系统合同,以在2020财Year 为海军开发、出产 和交付2套高能激光杀伤监视系统(HELIOS)。俄罗斯新一代高能激光武器系统研发上班 取得进展,并发布有关 影像资料。导弹方面,巴西MTC-300“斗牛士”巡航导弹3Month 进入最后研发阶段。欧洲导弹集合团体 “海毒液”反舰导弹4Month 完成了第二次研发试射。欧洲导弹集合团体 “陆上拦截者”防空导弹系统6Month 完成首次试射。鱼雷方面,印度国防部国防研究与发展组织4Month 向印度海军移交了自主研制的Varunastra重型鱼雷,该鱼雷由DRDO海军科学和技能 实验室研发,国产化率高达95%。希腊海军5Month 发布了一则采购重型鱼雷的信息,对新型鱼雷给出了以下基本要求:能对抗水面舰艇和潜艇,采用主/被动自导、近炸或触发引信,最大航速超过50节, 发射深度超过400米, 重定向/攻击阶段可自动调速和变深, 具有识别和欺骗现代电子干扰对抗措施的能力。俄罗斯军方6Month 表示正在考虑研制核鱼雷,该雷重40吨,携带一枚1亿吨当量的热核弹头,能制造人造海啸,可对沿海地区造成严重破坏。

  dalitongguo技能 zhirutishengwuqixitongxingneng。meiguoshouyuleishengcompany 7700wanmeiyuanhetong,Begin xiaopiliang出产 “gaijinxinghaimaque”block2daodan,biaozhizhegaidaodanjibenwanchenggongchengyanfa上班 。yuxianyi“gaijinxinghaimaque”daodanxiangbi,block2xingdaodanshiyonglequanxinzhudongleidadaoyintou技能 ,binggengxinledanzaishujulian,tigaoledaodanduikanglvehaimubiaodenengli。faguohaijunbiaoshijiangyu2019Year jieshou“feiyu”mm40 block 3shengjixingdaodan,gaidaodancaiyonglexinxingxiangganzhudongshepindaoyintoukexianzhetishengdaodanmubiaoxuanzehedianziduikangxingneng。ruidiansabocompany zai7Month juxingdefaenboleguojihangzhanshangfabulerbs15xiayidaifanjiandaodanxitong,gaidaodanxiangduiyushangyidaizengjialeshecheng、gaijinledaoyintou,caiyongguanxing+gps+zhudongleidadezonghezhidaofangshi,kedajiyidongshihaishangmubiaohegudingshilushangmubiao,juyoushiyinggaohaiqingdelvehaifeixing、quantianhouzuozhan、zaigongji、moduangaojidongtufang、duodaodantongshigongjitongyimubiao、shujulianchuanshuhexianjindianzifanghunengli。meiguohaijunjihuadaguimoshengjimk48yulei,gaijinhoudexinxingyuleichengweimk48“xianjinnengliyulei”。gaileijiangcaiyongyixiliexin技能 ,ruxianjinshengna、quanshuzidaohangyukongzhi、shuzixiandaohexinxingtuijinxitongdeng,kezaiqianshuihefeichangqiandeyananshuiyujichuantongshenshuihuanjingfashe,yujiyu2024Year houfuyi。yiseliehaijunkavedxinxingzhongxingyuleichenggongwanchenglexitongceshibingfuyi。gaileicaiyongruanjiankebuduanshengjideshuzihuazhidaoxitong,hangshendashubaimi,juyoujingquegongjinenglihejiaoyuanhangcheng。yidaliguofangbu3Month jihuafazhan“aotuomate”zengchengxingmk2efanjiandaodan,jiangshiyongxinxinggutituijinfadongji,zhongxinshejidanti,caiyongquanxindaoyintoudeng,tishengdaodanshecheng、dajijingduheshengcunnenglideng。

五、雷达、水下探测与通信、导航技能 蓬勃发展
  多国在针对高速、复杂环境目标的雷达探测技能 方面Begin 探索或取得突破。美国海军发布合成孔径雷达研发项目意见征询书,计划研发软件定义的多波段合成孔径雷达,利用传感器数据流,提高射频感知等能力,开辟使用随机信号处理技能 开展无源探测新途径。法国泰利斯company 推出NS50水面舰四坐标有源相控阵对空/对海监视雷达,该雷达除供应 目标方位、距离和高度信息外,还能深度分析目标多普勒等特征,与三坐标或二坐标雷达相比,具有更强对空/对海探测、跟踪、识别能力。瑞典在“海上长颈鹿”4A雷达上采用了下一代跟踪及扫描技能 ,增加了雷达高超声速目标探测与跟踪能力,使其任意条件下均能在1秒内Begin 跟踪任意数量目标,包括隐身目标。

  meifaDay dengguojijimouqiufazhanxinxingshengnaheyanfa创立革新 xingshuixiatance技能 。meiguodarpafenbieshouyuxitongyu技能 yanjiucompany heyingyongwulikexuecompany 1210wanmeiyuanhe620wanmeiyuan“shengxuetongdaozhanshukaifayingyong”xiangmudiyijieduanhetong,yanfafenbushixiangkongzhenshengnatance技能 ,tigaoxinzaobi,weilaikeshixianshengnadefenbushibushu。meihaijunxunqiufazhankongzhongbushubeidongfubiao技能 ,yitance、shibie、genzongxinyidaijianjingxingqianting。faguoguofangcaibanjushouyutailisicompany weiqi42geMonth dehetong,weidisandaidandaodaodanheqiantingyanfaxinxingshengna,gaishengnajiangcaiyongzishiyingzhenliechuli技能 、weixiefenleisuanfadengxin技能 ,zonghetancexingnengjiangxianzhetisheng。Day faliangguojihuazai2018Year duzhengshikaizhanxinxingshengna技能 delianheyanfa,tancebushezaihaidideshuilei,tishengfangweinengli,xinxingshengnajiangjichengDay benyouyideshuileitancejifaguogaopinshengnadetuxiangxianshi技能 ,jubeijiaogaodetancexingneng。hanguoshejibingliyong3ddayin技能 zhichuyikuanxinxingchuanganqi,xiaofangshuizhongshengwudechuxulaitancemubiao、jianceshuixiaxuanwo,genzongjingdujiaogao。ruidianyanjiu觉察 jiguangtancehecejuyikezuoweishengnadebuchong,yongyutanceheshibieshuixiamubiao,youqiYES zaiqianshuiquyu、huanjingfuzadehaiyangquyu、buyijiejindequyudeng。

  meiguoshuixia、kuajiezhitongxin技能 qudetupo。meiguo觉察 liyongshengbochuanbochanshengde动向态度 xuanzhuanxiedaixinxi,ketigaomouyitedingpinlvtongxinrongliang,youwangjiangshuishengtongxinnenglicongchunwenbenxinxichuanshutishengdaogaoqingshipinxinxichuanshu。meiguoyanshiyanzhengzhaiguangshushuixiajiguangtongxin技能 ,shuichishiyanjieguobiaoming,shoufazhongduankezai1miaoneiwanchengjingqueboshuzhixianghe神速 lianjie,tongxinsulvweishuzhaobite/miaodaoshujibite/miao,tongxinjuliweishushimidaoshubaimi。meiguoliyonghaomiboleidatanceshuishengxinhaoduishuimianzaochengdeweixiaozhendong,goujian“pingyishengxue-shepin”tongxinlianlu,shoucishixianshuixiajiedianzhijieyukongzhongjiediandekuajiezhitongxin,tongxinsulvkeda400bps。

  buyilaiweixingYES daohang技能 dezhongdianfazhanfangxiang。hanguotichujiyushuangqudiaopinxinhao技能 dewurenqianhangqidingweifangfa,shiduogemaodingjiediannengzaihubuchongtude处境 xiatongshixiangwurenqianhangqichuanshushuju,congerxiaochumeitifangwenkongzhiyanchi,tigaodingweijingdu,jingjiancehou,gaifangshiyuliyonggpsxinhaohuodedezhenzhixiangchajinshumi。meiguocankaotanglangxiayanjingdeshenglijiegou,yanzhichupianzhenminganchengxiangqi,kejiyushuixiapianzhenguangshixiandaohanggongneng。

六、海上无人系统装备与技能 获得神速 发展
  海上无人系统继续保持较高发展热度,多型装备接近或Begin 部署。美国国防先期研究计划局完成反潜战持续跟踪无人艇项目开发,并将“海上猎手”原型艇移交美国海军研究署,以用于后者的“中等排水量无人水面艇”(MDUSV)项目研发。美国MQ-8C无人直升机完成初始作战试验与鉴定,验证了与近海战斗舰协同完成情报收集、目标识别等任务的能力;美国“刀鱼”无人潜航器完成海上验收试验。英法联合“海上反水雷项目”的无人水面艇样机在法国布雷斯特进行测试。英国海军接收首艘“轻骑兵”远程联合感应扫雷无人水面艇。新加坡海军公布其正在研发3型无人水面艇,用于执行巡逻、水雷探测及水雷拆除等任务。俄海军第二代无人潜航器“克拉维辛”-2进行试验。

 

tu4  fanqianchixugenzongwurenting

 

tu5  mq-8cwurenji

  jijikaizhanwurenqianhangqiguanjian技能 yanfa。meiguohaijunzhengzaiyanfayongyudingweihekongzhidewangguanfubiao,fubiaojianghewurenqianhangqiyiqi上班 ,shicaozuorenyuannenggenzong、jiankongwurenqianhangqi,yuqitongxinbingxiadazhiling,shixianxinxigongxiang。scalablewangluo技能 company zhengzaiweimeiguohaijun“qianyanbushunengyuanyutongxinjidi”xiangmuyanfagaobaozhenshuixiatongxin技能 。tailaidanengyuanxitongcompany de“shuixiaxuanfuchongdianjiedian”yangjizaimeihaijunzuzhide“xianjinhaijun技能 yanxi”zhongwanchengshuixiayanshiyanzheng,gaiyangjifadiangonglv16qianwa,YES muqianshuchugonglvzuida、gongnengjichengduzuigaodeshuixiachongdianzhanyangji,shiyonghoukeyouxiaojiejuewurenqianhangqizhangqibushuheyinbizuozhanmianlindenengyuanbujihexinxichuanshu方案 ,xianzhetishengwurenqianhangqishizhannengli。jianada当局 shouyucellulajiqirencompany hetongyiyanfaxinxingranliaodianchi,tigaowurenqianhangqishuixiaxuhangli。

七、不断推出或启动新型探测系统研制,提升态势感知能力
  多国启动或推出多型新型雷达系统。1Month ,美国海军发布合成孔径雷达研发项目意见征询书,研发软件定义的多波段合成孔径雷达,利用传感器数据流,提高射频感知等能力,开辟使用随机信号处理技能 开展无源探测的新途径。5Month ,法国首部多功能模块化“海火”雷达Begin 出产 ,该雷达拥有360°视场,可同时跟踪800个目标,对空探测距离达500千米,对海探测距离达80千米,具备远距离3D监视、水平搜索、对海监视能力,能预警常规和新兴空/海威胁,兼容ASTER中程防空火控系统和舰炮武器系统,将装备“未来中型护卫舰”。10Month ,德国莱茵金属防务company 推出“厄利孔海上卫士BIAX”海军雷达跟踪与火控系统,该雷达充分利用现代化信号处理和功率管理技能 ,设计紧凑,性能出色,可应对神速 移动的空中目标,包括高机动性反舰导弹。同Month ,法国泰利斯company 推出NS50水面舰四坐标有源相控阵对空/对海监视雷达。该雷达除供应 目标方位、距离和高度信息外,还能深度分析目标多普勒等特征,延长每次扫描目标驻留Time ,与三坐标或二坐标雷达相比,具有更强对空/对海探测、跟踪、识别能力。11Month ,瑞典在“海上长颈鹿”4A雷达上采用了下一代跟踪及扫描技能 ,增加了雷达高超声速目标探测与跟踪能力,使其任意条件下均能在1秒内Begin 跟踪任意数量目标,包括隐身目标。

  meifaDay dengguomouqiufazhanxinxingshengnaxitong。tongMonth ,faguoguofangcaibanjushouyutailisicompany weiqi42geMonth dehetong,weidisandaidandaodaodanheqiantingyanfaxinxingshengna,gaishengnajiangcaiyongzishiyingzhenliechuli技能 、weixiefenleisuanfadengxin技能 ,zonghetancexingnengjiangxianzhetisheng。Day faliangguojihuazai2018Year duzhengshikaizhanxinxingshengna技能 delianheyanfa,tancebushezaihaidideshuilei,tishengfangweinengli,xinxingshengnajiangjichengDay benyouyideshuileitancejifaguogaopinshengnadetuxiangxianshi技能 ,jubeijiaogaodetancexingneng。9Month ,meihaijunxunqiufazhankongzhongbushubeidongfubiao技能 ,yitance、shibie、genzongxinyidaijianjingxingqianting。

八、新研与改进并举,提升武器系统作战能力
  积极推进新型武器系统发展。高能武器方面,1Month ,美国洛•马company 获得价值约1.5亿美元水面舰激光武器系统合同,以在2020财Year 为海军开发、出产 和交付2套高能激光杀伤监视系统(HELIOS)。3Month ,俄罗斯新一代高能激光武器系统研发上班 取得进展,并发布有关 影像资料。新型导弹方面,3Month ,巴西MTC-300“斗牛士”巡航导弹进入最后研发阶段。4Month ,欧洲导弹集合团体 “海毒液”反舰导弹完成了第二次研发试射。6Month ,欧洲导弹集合团体 “陆上拦截者”防空导弹系统完成首次试射。鱼雷方面,4Month ,印度国防部国防研究与发展组织向印度海军移交了自主研制的Varunastra重型鱼雷,该雷由DRDO海军科学和技能 实验室研发,国产化率高达95%。5Month ,希腊海军发布了一则采购重型鱼雷的信息,对新型鱼雷给出了以下基本要求:能对抗水面舰艇和潜艇,采用主/被动自导、近炸或触发引信,最大航速超过50节, 发射深度超过400米, 重定向/攻击阶段可自动调速和变深, 具有识别和欺骗现代电子干扰对抗措施的能力。6Month ,俄罗斯军方表示正在考虑研制核鱼雷,该雷重40吨,携带一枚1亿吨当量的热核弹头,能制造人造海啸,可对沿海地区造成严重破坏。

  zhuzhongtongguoxin技能 zhirutishengwuqixitongxingneng。daodanfangmian,3Month ,yidaliguofangbujihuafazhan“aotuomate”zengchengxingmk2efanjiandaodan,jiangshiyongxinxinggutituijinfadongji,zhongxinshejidanti,caiyongquanxindaoyintoudeng,tishengdaodanshecheng、dajijingduheshengcunnenglideng。5Month ,meiguoshouyuleishengcompany 7700wanmeiyuanhetong,Begin xiaopiliang出产 “gaijinxinghaimaque”block2daodan,biaozhizhe“gaijinxinghaimaque” block2daodanjibenwanchenggongchengyanfa上班 。yuxianyi“gaijinxinghaimaque”daodanxiangbi,block2xingdaodanshiyonglequanxinzhudongleidadaoyintou技能 ,binggengxinledanzaishujulian,tigaoledaodanduikanglvehaimubiaodenengli。7Month ,ruidiansabocompany zai2018faenboleguojihangzhanshangfabulerbs15xiayidaifanjiandaodanxitong。gaidaodanxiangduiyushangyidaizengjialeshecheng、gaijinledaoyintou,caiyongguanxing+gps+zhudongleidadezonghezhidaofangshi,kedajiyidongshihaishangmubiaohegudingshilushangmubiao,juyoushiyinggaohaiqingdelvehaifeixing、quantianhouzuozhan、zaigongji、moduangaojidongtufang、duodaodantongshigongjitongyimubiao、shujulianchuanshuhexianjindianzifanghunengli。10Month ,faguohaijunbiaoshijiangyu2019Year jieshoumbdacompany de“feiyu”mm40 block 3shengjixingdaodan,gaidaodancaiyonglexinxingxiangganzhudongshepindaoyintoukexianzhetishengdaodanmubiaoxuanzehedianziduikangxingneng。yuleifangmian,6Month ,meiguohaijunjihuadaguimoshengjimk48yulei,gaijinhoudexinxingyuleichengweimk48“xianjinnengliyulei”。gaileijiangcaiyongyixiliexin技能 ,ruxianjinshengna、quanshuzidaohangyukongzhi、shuzixiandaohexinxingtuijinxitongdeng,kezaiqianshuihefeichangqiandeyananshuiyujichuantongshenshuihuanjingfashe,yujiyu2024Year houfuyi。tongMonth ,yiseliehaijunkavedxinxingzhongxingyuleichenggongwanchenglexitongceshibingfuyi。gaileicaiyongruanjiankebuduanshengjideshuzihuazhidaoxitong,hangshendashubaimi,juyoujingquegongjinenglihejiaoyuanhangcheng。

九、无人系统保持神速 发展,多型系统开展试验或交付
  美俄大型无人潜航器进展顺利。2Month ,美海军获得3018万美元经费,用于超大型无人潜航器(XLUUV)的研制,其中1276万美元专用于指挥和控制,其余经费用于水下能源(含适用于超大型潜航器的先进能源解决方案)的研究与开发、试验与鉴定。美海军计划2022Year 能成功从超大型潜航器上发射水下武器及非致命有效载荷,以支持情报、监视、侦察和打击任务。5Month ,俄海军第2代大型无人潜航器“大键琴”-2 进行了海试,相较于外形酷似鱼雷的第1代“大键琴-1”,“大键琴-2”尺寸和重量更大,更像1艘小潜艇,长约7米,直径近1米,重量约4吨,下潜深度达6000米,可搭载更多先进装备。

  duoxingwurenxitongkaizhanshiyanhuojiaofu。5Month ,yingguohuangjiahaijunjieshouleshousoupeibeiyuanchenglianheganyingsaoleixitongdewurenshuimianting––“qingqibing”wurenting。6Month ,meiguo“daoyu”wurenqianhangqizaimasazhusaizhouyanhaichenggongwanchenghaishangyanshoushiyan,“daoyu”YES tongyongdonglicompany zai“jinqiangyu”-21shenshuiwurenqianhangqijichushangyanzhi,YES jinhaizhandoujianfanshuileirenwubaodezhongyaozuchengbufen,shiyanzhengming“daoyu”kezaigaozabohuanjingzhongjiance、fenleibingshibieshuilei。8Month ,jingguo6geduoMonth dexuanze,meiguoguofangbuzuizhongcongboyin、luo•mahetongyongyuanzicompany sanjiajingbiaofangan,xuanzeleboyincompany defanganzuoweimq-25“huangdiaoyu”wurenjiayoujideshejifangan;meiguohaijun2019caiYear yusuanshenqingle7.19yimeiyuanjingfeiyongyuxiangmukaifahediyipici4jiafeiji出产 ;mq-25yongyujianzaizhandoujidekongzhongjiayou,bingjubeiqingbao、jianshihezhenchanengli,jihua2019Year shoufei,2024Year jubeichushizuozhannengli。

十、大力推动关键技能 发展,多项技能 取得进展
  德国、法国、韩国相继研发出常规潜艇锂离子电池。10Month ,德国蒂森克虏伯海事系统company 与法国帅福得company 合作研发出了新型潜艇锂离子电池系统,并在2018Year 的欧洲海军展会上首次展出。电池的设计符合海洋环境使用、安全性和电化学安全要求,并已通过一系列试验,证实了电池本体和系统层面上的安全性。电池将由TÜV Rheinland开展认证测试,2019Year 还将在蒂森克虏伯海事系统company 的基尔基地开展上艇测试。同Month ,在法国武器装备总署资助下,法国舰艇装备集合团体 (原DCNScompany )、帅福得company 、CEA科学技术 company 和EDFcompany 联合研发出名为LIBRT的锂离子电池系统。LIBRT锂离子电池系统的储能量YES 现役铅酸电池的两倍,同时还可显着缩短充电Time 。11Month ,韩国三星SDIcompany 等6家company 和韩国电子技能 研究所等5个研究机构联合研发出潜艇锂离子电池,并通过技能 成熟度评估(TRA),将装备第二批KSS-III潜艇。KSS-III潜艇由大宇造船和海洋工程company 建造,韩华陆上系统company 负责将电池模块和其他组件集成到潜艇上。

  meihaijunjijikaizhanxianjinyuleituijin技能 yanfa。3Month ,meihaijunyanjiushushouyudrsxitongcompany 700wanmeiyuanhetong,weiyuleixianjintuijinxitongxiangmuyanfajincouxinglv-yanghuayindiandonglituijinxitong,tigaoyuleihangcheng。6Month ,meihaijunyanjiushushouyuhangkongpenqiluokedayincompany 260wanmeiyuanhetong,weiyuleixianjintuijinxitongxiangmuyanfatuijinxitongyangji,tansuotigaomk48xingyuleiaotuoranliaofadongjixiaolvdekenengxing。

  jijikaizhanwurenxitongguanjian技能 yanfa。kongzhiyutongxin技能 fangmian,hydronalixcompany zhengzaiweimeiguohaijunyanfayongyudingweihekongzhidewangguanfubiao,fubiaojianghewurenqianhangqiyiqi上班 ,shicaozuorenyuannenggenzong、jiankongwurenqianhangqi,yuqitongxinbingxiadazhiling,shixianxinxigongxiang。scalablewangluo技能 company zhengzaiweimeiguohaijun“qianyanbushunengyuanyutongxinjidi”xiangmuyanfagaobaozhenshuixiatongxin技能 。donglinengyuan技能 fangmian,tongyongyuanzidiancixitongcompany zhengzaiweimeihaijundapailiangwurenqianhangqiyanzhixianjinxingyongcituijindianji。4Month ,jianada当局 shouyucellulajiqirencompany hetongyiyanfaxinxingranliaodianchi,tigaowurenqianhangqishuixiaxuhangli。8Month ,tailaidanengyuanxitongcompany de“shuixiaxuanfuchongdianjiedian”yangjizaimeihaijunzuzhide“xianjinhaijun技能 yanxi”zhongwanchengshuixiayanshiyanzheng,gaiyangjifadiangonglv16qianwa,YES muqianshuchugonglvzuida、gongnengjichengduzuigaodeshuixiachongdianzhanyangji,shiyonghoukeyouxiaojiejuewurenqianhangqizhangqibushuheyinbizuozhanmianlindenengyuanbujihexinxichuanshu方案 ,xianzhetishengwurenqianhangqishizhannengli。

十一、新兴前沿技能 不断取得突破
  多国积极开展新型探测、导航系统研发。水下探测方面,1Month ,韩国设计并利用3D打印技能 制出一款新型传感器,效仿水中生物的触须来探测目标、监测水下漩涡,跟踪精度较高。2Month ,美国DARPA分别授予系统与技能 研究company 和应用物理科学company 1210万美元和620万美元“声学通道战术开发应用”项目第一阶段合同,研发分布式相控阵声纳探测技能 ,提高信噪比,未来可实现声纳的分布式部署。7Month ,瑞典研究觉察 激光探测和测距仪可作为声纳的补充,用于探测和识别水下目标,尤其YES 在浅水区域、环境复杂的海洋区域、不易接近的区域等。

  buyilaiweixingYES daohang技能 dezhongdianfazhanfangxiang。1Month ,hanguotichujiyushuangqudiaopinxinhao技能 dewurenqianhangqidingweifangfa,shiduogemaodingjiediannengzaihubuchongtude处境 xiatongshixiangwurenqianhangqichuanshushuju,congerxiaochumeitifangwenkongzhiyanchi,tigaodingweijingdu,jingjiancehou,gaifangshiyuliyonggpsxinhaohuodedezhenzhixiangchajinshumi。5Month ,meiguocankaotanglangxiayanjingdeshenglijiegou,yanzhichupianzhenminganchengxiangqi,kejiyushuixiapianzhenguangshixiandaohanggongneng。

  meiguoshuixia、kuajiezhitongxin技能 qudetupo。weilaishuixiazuozhanmoshizhong,jiangxingchenghai-kong-tianyitihuaxietongzuozhanwangluo。muqian,shuimiangaosutongxinyijibenshixian,danyouyushuixiaxinhaochuanbodetianranzhangai,shuixiagepingtai、chuanganqijiandetongxin方案 heshuimian、shuixiajiandekuayutongxin方案 ,queyizhinanyishixian。zaicibeijingxia,yanfaxinxingshuixiatongxin技能 ,chengweigeguoguanzhudezhongdian,meiguozaigailingyuchuyu技能 lingxiandiwei。2018Year ,meiguojixuyinlingshuixia、shuixiashuimiankuajiezhitongxin技能 defazhan,bingqudeyidingtupo,ru觉察 xinxingshengbochuanbo技能 ,wanchengzhaiguangshushuixiajiguangtongxin技能 yanshiyanzheng,shoucishixianshuixiakongzhongkuajiezhitongxindeng。7Month ,meiguo觉察 liyongshengbochuanbochanshengde动向态度 xuanzhuanxiedaixinxi,ketigaomouyitedingpinlvtongxinrongliang,youwangjiangshuishengtongxinnenglicongchunwenbenxinxichuanshutishengdaogaoqingshipinxinxichuanshu。8Month ,meiguoyanshiyanzhengzhaiguangshushuixiajiguangtongxin技能 ,shuichishiyanjieguobiaoming,shoufazhongduankezai1miaoneiwanchengjingqueboshuzhixianghe神速 lianjie,tongxinsulvweishuzhaobite/miaodaoshujibite/miao,tongxinjuliweishushimidaoshubaimi。tongMonth meiguoliyonghaomiboleidatanceshuishengxinhaoduishuimianzaochengdeweixiaozhendong,goujian“pingyishengxue-shepin”tongxinlianlu,shoucishixianshuixiajiedianzhijieyukongzhongjiediandekuajiezhitongxin,tongxinsulvkeda400bps。

(lanhaixing:liuzhenghua zhangxu wangxiaojing maxiaochen)

 


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